Wan Li Chang Cheng or 10.000-Li Long Wall (1 Li equals to 1/3 mile) was a grand and ambitious project of Qin Shi Huang, the first unified China Emperor. In around 220 B.C., Qin Shi Huang ordered to build wall to remove the fortification between states and joined the existing walls to a single system that would extend for more than 10.000-Li to protect China from the attacks of the north (hundred years earlier, China was still divided to individual kingdoms). Meng Tian, a chinese general was appointed to direct the construction and used workers which constitute soldiers, convicts even civilians. This wall, which is made of brick and stone, stretched from China Sea port of Shanhaiguan over 3.000 miles west into Gansu province.
Great Wall was constructed mainly during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644) and was extended due to the extra defensive stance. The wall was extended from the Yalu River in Liaoning Province to the eastern bank of the Taolai River in Gansu Province, and winded its way from east to west through today’s Liaoning, Hebei, Tianjin, Beijing, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia and Gansu. Starting west of Juyong Pass, the Great Wall was split into south and north lines, respectively named the Inner and Outer Walls. Strategic “passes” (i.e., fortresses) and gates were placed along the wall; the Juyong, Daoma and Zijing passes, closest to Beijing, were named the Three Inner Passes, while further west were Yanmen, Ningwu and Piantou, the Three Outer Passes. All six passes were heavily garrisoned during the Ming period and considered vital to the defense of the capital. (http://www.history.com/topics/great-wall-of-china)
Ni hao Beijing!!
I and my family were on my way to Great Wall in Badaling. Actually there are two popular regions to enjoy the Great Wall trekking experience, Badaling and Mutianyu. However, we choose to visit Badaling as the nearest site–although it’s more crowded compared to the other. Riding on 919 Bus, We approximately an hour to get there. To get this bus, we can have a few walk from Jishuitan subway station in Line 2 to a bus station next to a fortress-like building.
After the bus stopped at the last station, We got out and walk toward the entrance sign. On the right and left side, we can see some souvenir shops and local snacks stall. We kept walking to a square where the entrance is located. We paid RMB 45 for the entrance fee and then we were ready to explore that sleeping stone dragon. There are two ways to explore the Great Wall, riding on the cable cart (in the north section) or hiking up. Of course, to comprehend what is like to patrol like the past soldiers on the wall, we pick the last option, hiking up–to cut corners also actually, lols. To quote what Mao zedong has said, “You are not a real man until you have climbed the Great Wall”